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Geographic Location, Accessibility and Land Area by Barangay
Kapatagan is one of the 22 municipalities in the province of Lanao Del Norte, Region 10. It has a total land area of approximately 25,048.41 hectares which include those that are now being contested by the Municipality of Lala with an approximate area of 759 hectares.
Kapatagan is located within the grid coordinates of 123° 42’ and 123° 49’ north longitude and 7° 49’ and 7° 56’ east latitude.
Kapatagan is bounded by the municipality of Lala and Panguil Bay on the North; Municipality of Baroy and Salvador on the East; Municipality of Sapad in the Southeast; Municipality of Sultan Naga Dimaporo in the South and the province of Zamboanga del Sur on the Western and Northwestern part.
Kapatagan is located along the Cagayan de Oro-Pagadian-Zamboanga National Highway that is accessible by all types of vehicles.
The municipality is 180 kilometers from Cagayan de Oro City, 89 kilometers form Iligan City, 20 kilometers from the Municipality of Tubod, the Capital Town of Lanao del Norte and 60 down east form Pagadian. It is 60-minutes ride by Ferry-Land transportation form Ozamis City, and 3.5 hour ride form Cotabato City via the Cotabato-Malabang-Sultan Naga Dimaporo-Kapatagan National Highway.
In terms of elevation, the municipality is considered warm lowland with its highest elevation only up to 300 meters above sea level. The barangay that has this elevation includes a portion of Barangay Kidalos, bordering Sultan Naga Dimaporo town in the north. Those with 100-300 meters above see level elevation include Barangays Bel-is, the rest of Kidalos, Buenavista, Bansarvil, La Libertad, Pulang Yuta, Tulatulahan, San Isidro, Tipolo, Bagong Badian, kahayagan, Duran, Suso part of Water Falls, near Suso and part of Malinas. Those with less than 100 meters above sea level include the Barangays Mahayahay, Tiacongan, part of WaterFalls, Butadon, San Vicente, Bagong Silang, Curvada, Poblacion, De Asis, Sto. Tomas, Maranding, Sta. Cruz, Balili, Cocepcio, Donggoan, Lapinig, Margos, Taguitic.
|Less than 100 m.above sea level||15,664.5|
|101m-300m above sea level||7,701.43|
|301m-500m sea level||1,682.48|
Source: Elevation map, Municipal Planning and Development office, 2011
On the southern and eastern sides of locality are mountains which serve as natural barriers protecting the municipality from typhoons. Offsetting the mountain is the presence of flat coastal lands and valley. Kapatagan has come rolling plains.
The municipality’s slope includes 5 slope categories: 0-3 percent, described as plain to gently sloping, covers an area of 9,165.0339 hectares; 3-8 percent which is gently sloping to modulating has an area of 250.0067 hectares; 3-8 percent which is gently sloping to modulating has an area of 250.0067 hectares; 8-18 percent consists an area of 1,940.4160 hectares; 18-30 percent which are rolling lands to hilly has an area of 4,086.9448 and 30-50 percent covers an average of 6,179.6513 hectares. It is described as very steep hills and mountainous. (Include in the discussions part of the LGU under each slope category)
Land Area by Slope Range and Percent Distribution
|Slope Range||Area (in hectares)||Percent Distribution (%)|
|0 – 3% (Kapatagan vs. Lala)||759.0000||3.03|
|0 – 3%||8,406.0339||36.56|
|3 – 8%||250.0067||1.00|
|8 – 18%||1,940.4166||7.75|
|18 – 30%||4,086.9448||16.31|
|50% – and above||3,426.3567||13.68|
Source: Comprehensive Land Use Plan, 2000-2010
Comprehensive Land Use Plan, Vol.3 (2012-2022)
The municipality has 5 major rivers that all flow to Panguil Bay. These rivers are as follows: Maranding, Panoloon, Butadon, Kidalos and Sta. Cruz rivers.
The Maranding river which receives from the many tributaries from Nonongan Municipality, passes through Sapad Municipality and flows down Kapatagan’s rice-farming barangays of Bagong Silang, Curvada, De Asis, Sto. Tomas down to Concepcion to an islet sub-village Lapus-lapus of Lapinig in the Panguil Bay.
The Panoloon river is from Sapad and flows down Bagong Silang and joins with Maranding River.
The Butadon river originates from Sultan Naga Dimaporo and traverses down Pulang Yuta to Bansarvi to Butadon to Sta. Cruz, bali and Concepcion, and meets with Maranding river and finally joins at sitio Lapus-lapus, an islet that is part of Lapinig in the Panguil Bay.
Sta. Cruz river hails from Aurora and flows down Tipolo and passes the upland barangays of Kahayagan, Durano, Tulatulahan, San Isidro and jumps over Sta. Cruz Falls and joins finally in Panguil Bay.
Kidalos river is from Mahayahay and flows down to Kidalos, Waterfalls, and finally joins with Butadon river.
Kapatagan’s rock formations are dominantly of two kinds. Those in the mountainous barangays belong to Sedimentary rocks. They are created by a variety of processes but usually involving deposition, grain by grain, layer by layer, in water or, in the case of terrestrial sediments, on land through the action of wind or sometimes moving ice.